Chess is a mentally strategy board game which are played at eight rows (called ranks) and eight columns (called files) square board. There are sixty four squares of two different colors, generally black and white. There are 32 pieces, 16 black pieces and 16 white pieces. Each set of sixteen has six kinds of pieces: one King, one Queen, two Rooks, two Bishops, two Knights and eight Pawns.

Chess pieces used for play are regularly tall figurines. Pieces of the Staunton set are the normal design. The height of the king is normally between 85 mm and 105 mm. The other pieces should be in part to the king. The size of the squares on the board is created on the King and should be nearly 1.25-1.3 times the diameter of the base of the King.

Each piece in a chess set signifies a sector of medieval life. Pawns signify peasants. At that time the peasants were careful unimportant to people in rule, and hence Pawns are the sickly pieces in the game of chess. They are used mainly as bait to set up a violent endgame. Rooks or Castles signify home and sanctuary. Knights signify soldiers who, at that time, were held in high respect, but not as much as the church or the royal family. Bishops signify priests and are measured more valuable than Knights. The Queen is the most controlling piece on the board, and the King is the one that must be secure at all costs; otherwise the game is lost.

The class of chess sets varies from cheap plastic ones to costly, handmade works of art. While several players are happy to play chess on a regular board with plastic pieces, others favor unique chess sets. A variety of different resources are used like glass, ivory, marble, wood, bone or a composite. Some chess sets are low height in size or have magnetic pieces that are suitable for travel.

Normal white wooden pieces of a chess set are commonly made of boxwood or occasionally maple. The black pieces in normal wooden sets are made of dark wood like rosewood, ebony, red sandalwood or walnut.

At computer, chess pieces are show 2-D symbols on a 2-D board. However, there are some platforms with 3-D graphics engines that show the pieces more credibly.